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Enneapterygius rufopileus  (Waite, 1904)

Redcap triplefin
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Enneapterygius rufopileus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enneapterygius rufopileus (Redcap triplefin)
Enneapterygius rufopileus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Tripterygiidae (Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Enneapterygius: Greek, ennea = nine times + Greek, pterygion = little fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 13227).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Australia, New Caledonia (including the Loyalty Islands), Fiji, and Tonga. Records of this species from the Kermadec Islands (Ref. 8879) are based on Enneapterygius kermadecensis.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-12; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 16 - 21. Small supraorbital tentacle; first dorsal fin in females shorter by 50% than second dorsal fin; in males, shorter by 25%; body translucent gray in both sexes, edges of scales varying from pink to dark reddish brown, the pink-edged scales forming blotches along back; caudal fin base bearing a white bar; top of head red; female head brown and cheek with small white spots, red lower and posterior upper lip; lower part of male head black with exception of lower lip to end of maxilla being bright red and upper part of opercle red. Dorsal rays III + X-XIV + 8-12; lateral line interrupted, 15-20 + 15-21; mandibular pores 4 + 1 + 4 (Ref. 54980).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in shallow water and tidal pools (Ref. 13227). They feed on gastropods (Ref. 94105). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fricke, Ronald | Collaborators

Fricke, R., 1994. Tripterygiid fishes of Australia, New Zealand and the southwest Pacific Ocean (Teleostei). Theses Zool. 24:1-585. (Ref. 13227)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.5 - 28.1, mean 26.4 (based on 412 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00251 - 0.01205), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .