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Campostoma ornatum  Girard, 1856

Mexican stoneroller
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Campostoma ornatum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Campostoma: Greek, kampe = curved + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  ornatum: Campo=curved and stoma=mouth (in reference to its U-shaped mouth); ornate referring to ornamental coloration of breeding males (Ref. 79012).   More on author: Girard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°N - 25°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Rio Grande system of Big Bend region in southern Texas, USA; Rucker Canyon and Leslie Creek in extreme southeastern Arizona, USA. Widespread in northern Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky riffles and adjacent pools of headwaters and creeks (Ref. 5723). Herbivorous, bottom feeder (Contreras-Balderas 1974); feeds mainly on diatoms, bacteria and algae (Ref. 79012).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Adult males construct spawning pits by digging into the gravel with their snouts or mouths and remove small pieces of substrate (Ref. 51088, 31216). Mating occurs in the pits afterwhich the eggs are abandoned (Ref. 51087). Males are highly territorial (Ref. 51087). In other occasions, Campostoma species spawn in nests of Nocomis and Semotilus and with each other as nest associates (Ref. 51087). Also Ref. 51089.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00291 - 0.01246), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .