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Thalassoma noronhanum  (Boulenger, 1890)

Noronha wrasse
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Thalassoma noronhanum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Thalassoma noronhanum (Noronha wrasse)
Thalassoma noronhanum
Picture by Bertoncini, A.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 49354), usually 2 - 5 m (Ref. 40101).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Brazil and its oceanic islands (Ref. 40101, 49354).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 49354)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Generally a plankton-eater. Found on deep reefs (40-60 m), where it is recorded inside the lumen of tubular sponges (Ref. 39606). At Fernando de Noronha and Trindade Islands, groups of 10-450 initial-phase individuals clean other fishes in the water column close to the reef bottom and pinnacles (Ref. 36301, 49354). Also at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, juveniles follow foraging green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and pick off particles stirred from the bottom by the turtle’s activity (Ref. 51385). Fish clients include about 20 species of surgeonfishes, damselfishes, parrotfishes, grunts, and even small groupers such as coneys. Occasionally, a coney (Cephalopholis fulva) preys on isolated Noronha wrasses out and away from the cleaning stations. Coastal individuals were never recorded cleaning. Strictly diurnal, this wrasse is one of the last reef fishes to emerge from nocturnal shelters and one of the first to retreat (Ref. 36301). Initial-phase individuals are predominantly dark-brown and white, whereas terminal-phase males are blue and purple. A group-spawner throughout the year, adult females form harems dominated by a few terminal-phase males. Pair spawning is also recorded for this wrasse (Ref. 49354). Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Lubbock, R. and A. Edwards, 1981. The fishes of Saint Paul's Rocks. J. Fish Biol. 18:135-157. (Ref. 13121)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.8 - 27.6, mean 27 (based on 184 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00322 - 0.01294), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .