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Echiophis punctifer  (Kaup, 1859)

Stippled spoon-nose eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Echiophis punctifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echiophis punctifer (Stippled spoon-nose eel)
Echiophis punctifer
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Echiophis: Greek, echieys, eos = a little viper + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  punctifer: Name from Latin 'punctifer' meaning dotted; referring to its coloration; name in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 100 m (Ref. 5217).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico (Florida to Texas in USA) to Cuba; northern South America (Ref. 5217). Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola (Ref. 4455).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Burrows in sand or mud in shallow water of the continental shelf near bays and lagoons (Ref. 4455).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.5 - 27.2, mean 24.7 (based on 105 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .