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Trimma macrophthalmum  (Tomiyama, 1936)

Flame goby
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Trimma macrophthalmum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trimma macrophthalmum (Flame goby)
Trimma macrophthalmum
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 35 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (including Sodwana Bay, South Africa) east to Fiji, north to Japan. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2798)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Very similar to T. okinawae but lacks predorsal scales (Ref. 37816). Body with ctenoid scales except ventral midline and pectoral base with cycloid scales. Transverse scales 7-8. Mouth slightly oblique upwards. Second spine longest in 1st dorsal; rays of 2nd dorsal nearly equal; anal fin similar to 2nd dorsal; pectoral reaches to vertical of anus; pelvic fins without frenum but connected to basal membrane (Ref. 43541); characterized further by body with greyish matrix with dense red to orange spotting on head and body; median fins with faint yellow spotting; pair of large red spots on base of pectoral fin; longitudinal scale series 26-27; cheek and opercle without scales; depth of body 3.9-4.2 in TL (Ref. 90102).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Bottom-dweller of seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Usually in small groups in caves and under ledges (Ref. 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hoese, D.F., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 774-807. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.1 - 28.8, mean 27.5 (based on 420 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00412 - 0.01928), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .