Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Clinidae
Etymology: Clinus: Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical, preferred ?; 19°S - 35°S
Southeast Atlantic: northern Namibia to the Kei River, South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5496)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits intertidal and subtidal areas (Ref. 5496).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Clinidae. p. 758-769. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5496)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00333 - 0.01312), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.56 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .