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Barbus plebejus  Bonaparte, 1839

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Barbus plebejus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bonaparte.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 47°N - 37°N, 7°E - 19°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin from Tronto to Krka drainages(Italy, Switzerland, Slovenia and Croatia). Introduced to Tyrrhenian slope of central Italy.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 14 - 15.95 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31730); max. published weight: 6.0 kg (Ref. 31730)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8. Diagnosed from its congeners in Apennine Peninsula and Adriatic Sea basin by the following characters: lateral line with 58-77 + 3-4 scales; back plain and sides finely dotted in individuals larger than 15 cm SL: paired fins tinged with grey but without conspicuous spots; peritoneum white; last simple dorsal ray feebly spinous, flexible, finely serrated posteriorly; and lower lip with a median lobe (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A long-lived species which inhabits running waters of the hill and lowland zones of rivers (Ref. 26100). Also occurs in lakes. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, small fish and algae (Ref. 59043). Threatened by overfishing (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

"Males assemble at spawning grounds and follow ripe females, often with much splashing, to shallow rifles. Females deposit non-sticky eggs into excavations made in gravel" (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bianco, P.G., 1995. Mediterranean endemic freshwater fishes of Italy. Biol. Conserv. 72:159-170. (Ref. 12291)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
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Predators
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Fecundity
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Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00543 - 0.01604), b=2.94 (2.80 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.51 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-4; Fec=1,052-8,445).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.