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Entosphenus folletti  Vladykov & Kott, 1976

Northern California brook lamprey
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Image of Entosphenus folletti (Northern California brook lamprey)
Entosphenus folletti
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Cephalaspidomorphi (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes (Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae (Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; non-migratory.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: known only from the types collected from Willow Creek, upper Klamath river system, California.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12280)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Adults: 17.6-22.8 cm TL; body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 6 specimens measuring 18.6-22.8 cm TL): 12.3-14.5 prebranchial length, 9.2-10.6 branchial length, 42.7-48.6 trunk length, 28.4-32.7 tail length, 1.7-2.3 eye length and 6.6-7.8 disc length; 5.7 urogenital papilla length (percentage of branchial length in one spawning male measuring 21 cm TL); trunk myomeres, 61-65. Adult dentition: supraoral lamina, 3 unicuspid teeth, the median one smaller than the lateral ones; infraoral lamina, 5 unicuspid teeth; 4 endolaterals on each side; endolateral formula, typically 2-3-3-2, the fourth endolateral can also be unicuspid; 1-2 rows of anterials; first row of anterials, 2 unicuspid teeth; exolaterals absent; 1 row of posterials with 13-18 teeth, of which 0-4 are bicuspid and the rest unicuspid (some of these teeth may be embedded in the oral mucosa); transverse lingual lamina, 14-20 unicuspid teeth, the median one slightly enlarged; longitudinal lingual laminae teeth are too poorly developed to be counted. Velar tentacles in adults, 8-9, with tubercles; median tentacle is about the same size as the lateral ones immediately next to it; body coloration (preserved), dark brown on dorsal, lateral, and ventral aspects; lateral line neuromasts darkly pigmented; second dorsal fin pigmentation, +++; caudal fin pigmentation, +++; caudal fin shape, spade-like; oral papillae, 13.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Freshwater; in creeks and rivers (Ref. 89241). Non-parasitic lamprey; adults do not feed but remain in the streams where they soon spawn and die. Ammocoetes larvae live as filter feeders in the bottom mud for at least 4 years before metamorphosis.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

McGinnis, S.M., 1984. Freshwater fishes of California. University of California Press, Berkeley. 316 p. (Ref. 12280)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Fisheries: of no interest
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00120 (0.00053 - 0.00275), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (assuming tm=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .