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Barbus caninus  Bonaparte, 1839

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Barbus caninus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bonaparte.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin, between Marecchia and Brenta drainages (Italy, Switzerland). Introduced in Arno and Ombrone drainages in Italy. Previously misidentified as Barbus meridionalis. Records of Barbus caninus from Soca refer to Barbus balcanicus.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8. Diagnosed from its congeners in Apennine Peninsula by having the following characters: 36-47 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; 22-24 scale rows around caudal peduncle; back, sides and fins speckled with large, irregular black spots and blotches; peritoneum black; last simple dorsal ray flexible, not serrated posteriorly; lower lip produced posteriorly into a median lobe (Ref. 59043). Fins are thick and fleshy; caudal fin lobes are rounded (Ref. 31730).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Tends to inhabit strong currents around or under stones (Ref. 31730). Occurs in streams with swift water in hilly, sub-alpine areas. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Spawns in areas with fast-flowing water on gravel bottom. Still commonly found in suitable habitats, but number of spawning grounds has decline sharply (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bianco, P.G., 1998. Diversity of Barbinae fishes in southern Europe with description of a new genus and a new species (Cyprinidae). Ital. J. Zool. 65:125-136. (Ref. 31730)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

  Endangered (EN) (A2ace)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00358 - 0.01533), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .