Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 100 - 1200 m (Ref. 559). Deep-water, preferred ?
Pacific Ocean: off southern Japan, Tasmanian Sea, seamounts in the Hawaiian Ridge. Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Several closely related species may be involved.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44983)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9. Opercular spine present. Gill rakers on the first arch are broader at the proximal end, usually with ridged internal edges (western Atlantic individuals with 26-30, Japanese specimens with 24-32, and Hawaiian Ridge specimens with 30-32). Teeth are developed on the central portion of the tongue but not on its edges (Ref. 31632).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Found on or near continental slopes and seamounts (Ref. 559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Abramov, A.A., 1992. Species composition and distribution of Epigonus (Epigonidae) in the world ocean. J. Ichthyol. 32(5):94-108. (Ref. 31632)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00211 - 0.01367), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .