Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 4°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059), preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 69°N - 43°N, 11°W - 58°E
Northeast Atlantic: Ireland to Netherlands, Germany and the countries along the coast of the Baltic Sea. Also found in several countries in central and eastern Europe. Maritime stocks may be extinct (Ref. 4537). Listed in Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 556)
In brackish water and main rivers; no evidence that it enters marine waters (Ref. 59043). Also non-migratory freshwater populations (Ref. 13696). Feeds on zooplankton, supplemented by benthic invertebrates in adults. Extinct since about 1940 (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00256 - 0.01076), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.25 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .