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Erythrinus erythrinus  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Erythrinus erythrinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Erythrinus erythrinus
Picture by Moeremans, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Erythrinidae (Trahiras)
Etymology: Erythrinus: Greek, erythros = red (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.6 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 30.   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central and South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins and coastal rivers of the Guianas.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27188)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives in creeks and marshy zones where it can survive in water with low oxygen levels due to some anatomical modification of its swim bladder which serves as a respiratory appendage. It stays on the bottom as well as at the surface among floating vegetation (Ref. 27188). Feeds on small fishes and insects (Ref. 12225). Known among aquarists since 1910, its culture is reputedly difficult and its reproduction in captivity has not been reported to date (Ref. 27188). Reported to reach around 25 cm SL (Ref. 81048).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Oyakawa, Osvaldo T. | Collaborators

Oyakawa, O.T., 2003. Erythrinidae (Trahiras). p. 238-240. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37025)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00531 - 0.01641), b=3.18 (3.02 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.58 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .