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Sargocentron macrosquamis  Golani, 1984

Bigscale squirrelfish
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Sargocentron macrosquamis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron macrosquamis (Bigscale squirrelfish)
Sargocentron macrosquamis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335);  macrosquamis: Named for the large scales of the opercle (Ref. 27370).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 22 m (Ref. 27370).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea to Mozambique and the oceanic islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 4.7 cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4201)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10. Body red with silvery reflections on many scales, shading to silvery white on lower part of the head, thorax, and anterior abdomen, scale edge light red; 5-6 oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.3-2.7 in SL; head length (HL) 2.45-2.65 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; interorbital width 5.0-5.4 in HL; mouth terminal to slightly inferior; maxilla extending to a vertical at front edge of pupil or slightly before or beyond to it; upper jaw length 2.85-3.2 in HL; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; moderately large, spineless nasal fossa; upper surface of nasal bone between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove with a retrorse spine; median edge of nasal bone with a retrorse spine and sometimes another anterior to it; preopercular spine 1.6-2.2 in orbit diameter, 4.75-6.4 in HL; spinules on posterior margin of preopercle 31 (on a 4.6 cm SL specimen) to 33-46 (6.25-6.85 cm); 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, the longest, 1.85-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.45-1.75 in HL; broadly rounded caudal fin lobes (Ref. 27370)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30573.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.7 - 28.9, mean 27.5 (based on 467 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00784 - 0.03354), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .