Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cynotilapia: Greek, kyon = dog + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - 8.5; dH range: 15 - ?; depth range 3 - 30 m. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 9°S - 15°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi, indigenous to the central and northern parts of the Lake (Ref. 5622).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5622)
Diagnosis: Body moderately elongated and of medium depth (Ref. 88848). Dorsal profile of body rounded; fronted profile straight; jaws isognathous; due to evisceration, body depth likely to be altered (Ref. 88848). Teeth of outer jaw rows regularly spaced, large and caniniform, decreasing abruptly from symphysis to corner of lower jaw, more progressively on upper jaw; on lower jaw, two teeth on each side of the symphysis distinctly larger than other teeth; teeth in posterior rows clearly smaller and spaced (Ref. 88848).
Coloration: Body uniform, more or less dark brown, a spot on the end of the opercle and all the fins deep black (Ref. 52184, 88848).
Found common in the upper part of the rocky biotope which is usually sediment-free. Males which are territorial mainly feed from the biocover on the rocks close to their homestead while others which are more gregarious feed on plankton (Ref. 5595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sexual maturity is reached at 6-8 months. Female mouth brooder.
Maréchal, C., 1991. Cynotilapia. p. 67-68. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5622)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .