Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Buccochromis: Latin, bucca = mouth, the quantity of food that is contained in the mouth + Greek, chromis = a fish similar to perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.4 - 8.4; dH range: 7 - 30. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?
Africa: widely distributed in Lake Malawi and upper Shire River.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5607)
Diagnosis: snout longer than B. lepturus, and subadults deeper bodied (Ref. 55954).
Coloration: dark band on the lateral line; subadults typically yellow (Ref. 55954).
Found over muddy bottoms in shallow, sheltered bays. Also occurs over sandy areas off beaches. Juveniles inhabit very shallow sandy shores. Feeds on fish (Ref. 5595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maréchal, C., 1991. Buccochromis. p. 29-31. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5607)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .