Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Dimidiochromis: Greek, di = two + Latin, midio, dimidiatus = divided into halves, 1623 + Greek, chromis = afish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 9°S - 17°S
Africa: widely distributed in Lake Malawi. Also found in Lake Malombe (Ref. 5595).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5627); max. published weight: 515.00 g (Ref. 40637)
Usually encountered near rocks (Ref. 267, 55954), but also often forms schools offshore (Ref. 267). A common predator in surface water near the shore (Ref. 267). Feeds on small fishes; the small Utaka and lake sardine, Engraulicypris sardella, are among the favorite items (Ref. 5595). Hunts in pairs or in large groups (Ref. 3817).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Guards the young for about 4 days.
Maréchal, C., 1991. Dimidiochromis. p. 76-78. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5627)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .