Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Clariidae
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical, preferred ?; 7°N - 4°N
Africa: Dodo River (Ivory Coast) to the lower Niger and Niger Delta (Nigeria)(Ref. 57129). Probably also in the Cavally (Ref. 13331, 57129).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57129); max. published weight: 240.00 g (Ref. 41457)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 55 - 71;
Vertebrae: 59 - 64. Diagnosis: head oval-shaped in dorsal outline; snout slightly rounded; eyes dorsally located (Ref. 248). Frontal fontanella short and wide/squat (Ref. 248, 57129). Occipital fontanelle rather long and oval-shaped; "dermosphenotic" and supraorbital bones joined; tooth plates small; suprabranchial organ not well developed (Ref. 248). Distance between occipital process and dorsal-fin base short (4.9-9.3% of standard length); pectoral spine serrated on both sides (Ref. 57129).
Coloration: live fish as well as preserved specimens very light-coloured: back and sides yellowish brown, belly lighter; some specimens show submarginal blackish marks on vertical fins (Ref. 57129).
Occurs in lagoons and coastal rivers (Ref. 248). Feeds on insects, mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 41457).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00392 - 0.01167), b=2.96 (2.81 - 3.11), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .