Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Clariidae
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water. More on author: Peters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical, preferred ?; 4°N - 2°N
Africa: Kribi (Kienke) and Lobé/Lobi in Cameroon (Ref. 248, 78218, 81644), Komo and Ntem in Cameroon
and Gabon, and the Ogowe in Gabon (Ref. 81644). Other reports unconfirmed in Ref. 248, 78218 or 81644, including reports from the rivers Boumba and Lobi (Dja system, middle Congo River basin) in Cameroon (Ref. 51193), Luongo River (upper Congo River basin) in Zambia (Ref. 27609), Zambezi, Chobe and Kwando in Namibia (Ref. 37065) and Ehoma floodplain in Nigeria (Ref. 52861).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3820)
soft rays: 67 - 74;
Vertebrae: 66 - 69. Head short, small and rather rounded in dorsal outline; eyes dorsally located. Frontal fontanelle extremely short and oval-shaped; occipital fontanelle oval-shaped. The `dermosphenotic' and supraorbital bones joined and well developed. Tooth plates relatively broad. Pectoral spine slightly curved. gill rakers long, slender and distantly set. Suprabranchial organ well developed. Openings of the secondary sensory canals regularly placed along flanks.
The biology of this species is in the main unknown (Ref. 78218).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00330 - 0.01518), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .