Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Clariidae
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 12°N - 4°N
Africa: from the Géba (Guinea-Bissau) to the Cavally (Côte d'Ivoire) (Ref. 57129). Also reported from the Casamance (Senegal)(Ref. 57129).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57129)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 67 - 79;
Vertebrae: 63 - 68. Diagnosis: typical extremely elongate, eel-shaped body (maximum body depth 8.7-13.9% of standard length); head length 20.2% SL (Ref. 57129). Head rather rectangular in dorsal outline; snout broadly rounded; eyes more dorsally located; frontal fontanelle intermediate between "knife-shaped" and "sole-shaped"; occipital fontanelle broadly oval-shaped; "dermosphenotic" and supraorbital bones are joined; tooth plates relatively small; premaxillary longer than vomerine (Ref. 248). Distance between occipital process and dorsal-fin base relatively large (8.3-12.4% of standard length); dorsal and anal fins (67.7-75.0% and 50.6-58.9%, respectively, of standard length) very long and sometimes partially confluent with caudal fin (Ref. 57129). Pectoral spine serrated on both sides (Ref. 248, 57129). Gill rakers long and distantly set (Ref. 248).
Coloration: fresh specimens dark brown on back; sides marked with irregular blackish spots, belly light brown to beige; a vertical bar may be present on caudal fin (Ref. 57129). Flanks with vertical rows of small white spots (Ref. 248, 57129).
Occurs in river systems which arise in mountainous areas and are entirely within the rain forest (Ref. 248). Very little is known about the biology, but on basis of its distribution the species appears to be restricted to the rain forest (Ref. 78218).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00330 - 0.01518), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .