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Clarias macromystax  Günther, 1864

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Clarias macromystax
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Clariidae (Airbreathing catfishes)
Etymology: Clarias: Greek, chlaros = lively, in reference to the ability of the fish to live for a long time out of water.   More on author: Günther.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 9°N - 3°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Ouémé, Ogun, Oshun, the Niger delta, Niger River up to Lake Kainji and the rivers Benue and Cross, in Benin and Nigeria (Ref. 57129). Also reported from the Ofin River (Pra basin) in Ghana (Ref. 248, 272).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57129)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 74-87; Anal soft rays: 57 - 67; Vertebrae: 60 - 62. Diagnosis: tooth plates extremely narrow (Ref. 248, 57129). Vomerine tooth plate very long (Ref. 248), its length almost twice that of the premaxillary plate (Ref. 57129). Width of premaxillary plate 21.5-26.2% of head length, width of vomerine plate 19.0-22.8% of head length, length of vomerine plate 5.2-8.6% of head length (Ref. 57129). Head short and rounded in dorsal outline; eyes relatively large and dorsally located; frontal fontanelle very small, short and squat (`sole-shaped'); occipital fontanelle small and oval-shaped; "dermosphenotic" and supraorbital bones joined by a common suture, except in a specimen of 27 mm SL; pectoral spine robust and slightly curved; openings of secondary canals along lateral line appear as irregular white spots on body (Ref. 248). Coloration: no information on colour in life (Ref. 57129). Preserved specimens show 2 types of colouration: uniform, with back and sides dark brown and belly lighter; and marbled, with irregular brownish spots against a light background on back and sides, and belly whitish (Ref. 57129). Dorsal and anal fins white-edged (Ref. 57129).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

No information is available on the biology of the species (Ref. 78218).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Teugels, G.G., 1986. A systematic revision of the African species of the genus Clarias (Pisces; Clariidae). Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 247:199 p. (Ref. 248)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00383 - 0.01141), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.