Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Chloroscombrus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, skombros = the name of several fishes, a mackerel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Jordan, Gilbert.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic. Subtropical, preferred 22°C (Ref. 107945); 33°N - 18°S, 122°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: San Pedro, southern California, USA to Peru, including the Gulf of California.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oval and strongly compressed; snout short and blunt; chest covered with scales; lateral line conspicuously curved anteriorly, with 6 to 14 very weak scutes along the caudal peduncle; lower branch of first gill arch with 9 to 12 gill rakers; body and head blue green; flanks and belly silvery; edge of operculum with very characteristic black stain; dorsal region of caudal also stained black (Ref. 55763).
Adults form schools in coastal marine and brackish waters, including lagoons with mangroves (Ref. 9283). Often make a grunting sound when captured (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh, salted and fried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00601 - 0.01743), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .