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Cyclothone microdon  (Günther, 1878)

Veiled anglemouth
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Cyclothone microdon   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cyclothone microdon (Veiled anglemouth)
Cyclothone microdon
Picture by Welter-Schultes, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes (Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Gonostomatidae (Bristlemouths)
Etymology: Cyclothone: Greek, kyklothen, in circle, around (Ref. 45335);  microdon: microdon meaning small toothed (Ref. 6885).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 5301 m (Ref. 58426), usually 500 - 2700 m (Ref. 82363).   Deep-water; 67°N - 45°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Widely distributed in all Atlantic, tropical and austral Indian and Pacific Oceans (Ref. 4463). Southern Ocean: probably circum-Antarctic between the Antarctic Polar Front and the Antarctic continental shelf (Ref. 5162).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 3.5 cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4925)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 17 - 20. Brown to brown-black in color; dense stellate pigment over head, body and fins (Ref. 3991).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

An oceanic, deep mesopelagic to bathypelagic species (Ref. 4769). Precise depth range dependent upon developmental stage, latitude, season (Ref. 4769). Doest not exhibit diel vertical migrations (Ref. 4769). A non-seasonal breeder with no recognizable age-cohorts (Ref. 82363). Feeds mainly on copepods (Ref. 4769).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Protandrous, sex reversal observed in the eastern North Atlantic (Ref. 5162). Sex reversal at 22-24 mm SL (Ref. 4769).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Quéro, J.-C., J.C. Njock and M.M. de la Hoz, 1990. Gonostomatidae. p. 283-292. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4463)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.8 - 8.2, mean 3.2 (based on 7820 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00143 - 0.00924), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.13 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm>1; Fec=2,000-10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .