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Nettastoma melanurum  Rafinesque, 1810

Blackfin sorcerer
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Nettastoma melanurum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nettastoma melanurum (Blackfin sorcerer)
Nettastoma melanurum
Picture by Serrano, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Nettastomatidae (Duckbill eels)
Etymology: Nettastoma: Greek, netta = duck + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  melanurum: From the Greek melan meaning black, dark, and oura meaning tail, referring presumably to the dark edges of the posterior part of the dorsal and anal fins.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 37 - 1647 m (Ref. 4454), usually 329 - 860 m (Ref. 47377).   Deep-water; 45°N - 30°S, 98°W - 17°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to the Gulf of Guinea including western Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to the Guianas and to southern Brazil (Ref. 47377).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 53.5, range 42 - 68.2 cm
Max length : 79.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96016); max. published weight: 255.50 g (Ref. 96016)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 190 - 210. Usually five supratemporal pores, SO5 absent. Lateral line pores 43-49. Median vomerine teeth somewhat enlarged. Posterior nostril near anterodorsal margin of eye.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in holes on muddy bottoms of continental slope. Feeds mainly on crustaceans (Ref. 4776).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, D.G., 1990. Nettastomatidae. p. 172-175. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4454)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.4 - 14.4, mean 10.2 (based on 488 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00039 (0.00021 - 0.00074), b=3.16 (2.99 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .