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Hemibarbus labeo  (Pallas, 1776)

Barbel steed
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Hemibarbus labeo   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemibarbus labeo (Barbel steed)
Hemibarbus labeo
Picture by Kim, I.-S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Gobioninae
Etymology: Hemibarbus: Greek, hemi = the half + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 35461); depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 6898).   Temperate; 54°N - 19°N, 105°E - 143°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: throughout the Amur basin (Ref. 1441); eastern Asia from the Amur basin to northern Vietnam, Japan and islands of Hainan and Taiwan (Ref. 26334). Recorded from Mekong basin in Laos which apparently the result of introduction, either in Laos, or more likely upriver in Mekong basin in China (Ref. 37786).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 29 - 32 cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); common length :40.599998474121 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 56557); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 56557)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 40 - 42. Body spots absent in adults. Elongated body with slightly convex dorsal profile. Head length longer than body depth. Snout length much longer than postorbital head length. Lips well developed, lateral lobes of lower lip broad and thick, with folds, the median process small. Barbel length slightly thick, shorter or equal to eye diameter. Dorsal spine strong, 2/3 of HL. Origin of dorsal fin nearer the tip of snout than the caudal base. Gill rakers more than 15 (Ref. 38453). Anal fin with 6 1/2 branched rays; last simple dorsal rays ossified, spine-like (Ref. 43281).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Omnivorous, feeding mainly on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 41299). Females are larger than males (Ref. 1441).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nakabo, T., 2002. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, English edition I. Tokai University Press, Japan, pp v-866. (Ref. 41299)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00592 - 0.00928), b=3.12 (3.06 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; k=0.16-0.19).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.