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Larimichthys pamoides  (Munro, 1964)

Southern yellow croaker
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Larimichthys pamoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Larimichthys pamoides (Southern yellow croaker)
Larimichthys pamoides
Picture by Mark Tonks, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 9772).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: along coasts of northwestern Australia and southern Papua New Guinea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-36; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 7. Upper rostral pore median only; mental pores in 3 pairs, the first open at front of chin, separated by symphysis. Gill rakers long, slender, about 1.5 times longer than gill filaments at angle of arch, 13 to 17 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin with IX spines, the second part of fin with I spine and 33 to 36 soft rays. Second spine of anal fin short, slender, 23 to 33 % of head length. Pectoral fin long, 25 to 27 % of standard length. Scales on head and body cycloid (smooth), except the belly and under side of caudal peduncle which are covered with weak ctenoid scales (slightly rough to touch); small scales present on basal quarter of soft parts of dorsal and anal fins. Swim bladder carrot-shaped; with about 26 pairs of arborescent appendages along its sides; each appendage with a well-developed dorsal and ventral limbs, the first pair entering head beyond transverse septum.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries to depths of 50 m (Ref. 9772).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sasaki, K., 2001. Sciaenidae. Croakers (drums). p.3117-3174. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. pp. 2791-3380. (Ref. 9772)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 28.8, mean 27.9 (based on 198 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00412 - 0.01760), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .