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Merluccius gayi peruanus  Ginsburg, 1954

Peruvian hake
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Merluccius gayi peruanus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Merlucciidae (Merluccid hakes) > Merlucciinae
Etymology: Merluccius: Latin, mar, maris = the sea + Latin, lucius = pike (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Ginsburg.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 1371).   Deep-water; 4°S - 14°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: off the coast of Peru, from Paita southward to Huarmey.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); 115.0 cm TL (female); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 9722)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 45-54; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 36 - 42. Caudal fin margin usually concave. Color is silvery on back, silvery whitish on belly. M. gayi gayi and M. gayi peruanus differ by the total number of vertebrae, total number of gill rakers and relative length of head (Ref. 1371).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs from the shallow continental shelf to the upper continental slope (Ref. 1371). Sometimes found off the bottom or in midwater (Ref. 1371). Marketed fresh and frozen and also used for fishmeal (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Espino, M., R. Castillo and F. Fernandez, 1995. Biology and fisheries of Peruvian hake (M. gayi peruanus). p. 339-363. In J. Alheit and T. J. Pitcher (eds.) Hake:biology, fisheries and markets. Chapmanand Hall, London, 478 p. (Ref. 9718)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
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Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
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Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00296 - 0.01020), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19-0.21; tmax=13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.