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Lepophidium prorates  (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)

Prowspine cusk eel
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Lepophidium prorates   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepophidium prorates (Prowspine cusk eel)
Lepophidium prorates
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Lepophidium: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 4 - 90 m (Ref. 34024).   Tropical, preferred ?; 33°N - 7°S, 118°W - 77°W (Ref. 91765)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: from the northern part of the Gulf of California to Paita, Peru and along the outer coast of Baja California.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91765)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 124-134; Anal soft rays: 105 - 113; Vertebrae: 70 - 74. This species is characterized by the following: usual number of vertebrae, precaudal 15 (14-16), caudal 56-58 (55-59), total 71-73 (70-74); fin rays, dorsal 127-133 (124-134), anal 107-112 (105-113), pectoral 21-24 (20-24); pyloric caeca usually 4 (3-5) in a single whorl except the 5th, when present is in a 2nd tier; first gill arch with rudimentary rakers 3 on the upper arm, 4 (rarely 5) developed rakers on the lower limb, 2-9 (usually 4-8) rudimentary rakers anteriorly on the first arch; total rakers 8-16 (usually 11-15) with most variation due to anterior rudiments; dorsal-fin origin between neural spines 4-5 (85 specimens), less often between 3-4 (6 specimens), or 5-6 (8 specimens) (Ref. 91765).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common species (Ref. 34024) found on muddy bottom (Ref. 9329). Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R., R.H. Robins and M.E. Brown, 2012. A revision of Lepophidium (Teleoastei, Ophidiidae), with descriptions of eight new species. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 52(1):1-94. (Ref. 91765)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00135 - 0.00408), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .