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Haemulopsis leuciscus  (Günther, 1864)

Raucous grunt
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Haemulopsis leuciscus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Haemulopsis leuciscus (Raucous grunt)
Haemulopsis leuciscus
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulopsis: Greek, haimaleos = bloody + Greek, opsis = with appearance (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal.   Tropical; 32°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9114); max. published weight: 590.00 g (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Body robust, somewhat compressed, and not very deep (depth contained 2.8 to 3.0 times in standard length); mouth small and terminal, its posterior end located at the same level as the anterior rim of the eye; profile of head convex; first gill arch with 18 to 23 gill rakers; dorsal fin deeply notched, with 12 spines and 14 to 15 soft rays (XII, 14-15); second anal spine stronger and but shorter than third; third anal spine, when bent, reaching or surpassing base of last anal ray;; back brownish gray; belly lighter; axilla of pectoral fins and upper edge of operculum black (Ref. 55763)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal seas on sandy or muddy bottoms (Ref. 11482). Found in estuaries (Ref. 9114). Feeds on polychaetes, copepods and amphipods (Ref. 50313). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 20.6 - 28.4, mean 25.6 (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.