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Herotilapia multispinosa  (Günther, 1867)

Rainbow cichlid
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  • Image of Herotilapia multispinosa (Rainbow cichlid)
    Herotilapia multispinosa
    Picture by DATZ
  • Image of Herotilapia multispinosa (Rainbow cichlid)
    Herotilapia multispinosa
    Female picture by DATZ

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20.   Tropical; 21°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: Atlantic slope, from the Patuca River (Honduras) to the Matina River (Costa Rica); Pacific slope, from the Guasaule River (Nicaragua) to the Tempisque and Bebedero rivers (Costa Rica)(Ref.36377). Discovered in 1991 in the hot spring at Heviz (Balaton, Hungary) where it is established (Ref. 59043).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1672)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes and swampy areas with muddy bottoms. Feeds on considerable ooze, detritus and filaments of algae (Ref. 36880). Forms pairs; both sexes territorial. Tolerant of high temperatures and able to survive in small water bodies during dry periods. (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Female tends the clutch. The larvae were attached to aquatic swimming plants because most oxygen is near the surface of the pool. Later female looks after the young, male defends the territory. This updates previous information from Ref. 1672.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

McMahan, C.D., W.A. Matamoros, K.R. Piller and P. Chakrabarty, 2015. Taxonomy and systematics of the herichthyins (Cichlidae: Tribe Heroini), with the description of eight new Middle American Genera. Zootaxa 3999(2):211-234. (Ref. 104176)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00684 - 0.03200), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; Fec=600-1,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .