Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 40 - 750 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water, preferred ?; 48°N - 48°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola. Western Atlantic: USA to Brazil, with extensions to Argentina. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indian Ocean: between 10°N and 30°S. Pacific Ocean: between 30°N and 25°S (Ref. 4066); New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
High-oceanic species (Ref. 4066). Found between 425-750 m during the day and at 40-500 m at night, with maximum abundance at 75 m (Ref. 4479). Mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Specimens reach sexual maturity at a length of 5.4 cm. Off southern Brazil found between 500-900 m during the day and 25-300 m at night. (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00351 - 0.01882), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .