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Enteromius bifrenatus  (Fowler, 1935)

Hyphen barb
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Enteromius bifrenatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Fowler.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 13337).   Tropical; 10°S - 28°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: widespread over northern parts of southern Africa including the Cunene, Okavango, Upper Zambezi, Kafue, Zambian Congo and Limpopo systems; isolated populations occur in Malawi and on the eastern shores of Lake St. Lucia in Natal (Ref. 52193). May be confused with the bowstriped barb, Barbus viviparus (Ref. 7248) but differs in pigmentation details (Ref. 52193).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5 - 6. With 2 distinct black lateral stripes along the body; lateral stripe begins clearly on the snout and runs through the eye and gill cover and down the body. The lateral line tubules are closely outlined in black, giving the line a tubular appearance. Anterior barbel about eye diameter and posterior barbel a little longer.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in floodplains, pools and shallow streams with vegetation. Feeds on detritus, algae, seeds, small invertebrates (Ref. 7248) and aquatic insect larvae (Ref. 13337). Migrates upriver to breed after heavy rains (Ref. 13337).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Skelton, P.H., 2001. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Cape Town (South Africa): Struik Publishers, 395 p. (Ref. 52193)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00548 - 0.02637), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.23 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .