Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan, Trewavas.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic. Deep-water, preferred ?; 35°S - 49°S, 54°W - 154°W
Atlantic Ocean: roughly between 35°-20°N; near 30°W between 20°-25°S. Also known from the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.0, range 14 - 16.3 cm
Max length : 17.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4468)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 0. Barbel length less than 20% of standard length; barbel with 5 branches apparently arising together from stem; lateralmost pair of branches, which actually arise from base of mediolateral pair, usually shortest; mediolateral pair usually longest; diameter of stem distal to branches greater than that proximal to branches; stem solidly pigmented, pigment extending onto dorsal surface of terminal bulb; terminal bulb elongate and with an unpigmented tip usually directed dorsally; swollen ventrally, its length 2.0 - 2.5 times its thickness; a single terminal filament arising ventral to bulb tip, usually about as long as distal barbel, but occasionally minute.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. and M.A. Barnett, 1990. Melanostomiidae. p. 308-337. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4468)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .