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Eustomias arborifer  Parr, 1927

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Eustomias arborifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Eustomias arborifer
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes (Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae (Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Eustomias: Greek, eu = good + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic.   Tropical, preferred ?; 12°N - 25°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: two records at 5°N 20°W and 11°S 11°W. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, and the western Atlantic from 12°N to 23°S.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4468); 17.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-25; Anal soft rays: 35 - 42. Body black, elongate and slender; depth 5-8% SL. Long, tapering protrusible snout. Slender barbel stem and two terminal bulbs. Barbel stem has little or no external pigment (Ref. 37039). Two terminal bulbs separated by a short interspace, less than half to 1.5 the length of distal bulb. Barbel length increasing to 70-91% SL in specimens 10.5-15 cm, apparently decreasing in large females (17.9-25.3 cm) to 46-51%. Terminal filament short (9% SL or less, slightly longer to 5 times longer than distal bulb) with 2 well-developed side branches arising just distal to bulb and often other branches along its length. All branches with prominent internal bulblets, some nearly the same diameter as branch, resulting in a series of swellings in many specimens. No melanophores in stem, between bulbs, or in filaments in specimens up to 15 cm SL; none between bulbs at any size. Middorsal paired spots under skin between occiput and dorsal-fin origin usually 8, sometimes 7 (Ref. 11333).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on midwater fishes (Ref. 37039).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gibbs, R.H. and M.A. Barnett, 1990. Melanostomiidae. p. 308-337. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4468)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .