Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Africa: affluent rivers of Lake Victoria in Kenya (Ref. 27628, 52331, 104796), the Malawa River in Uganda (Ref. 4903, 27628) and the Middle Akagera system in Rwanda (Ref. 27628, 46152).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27628)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 7. Last unbranched ray of dorsal fin more or less flexible and without posterior denticulation; anterior barbel ending after half the eye, while posterior barbel ends after posterior side of the eye (Ref. 27628). Brown-silver or silver colored; fins not colored or light creamy; 3 little black spots on the flanks, the first between operculum and dorsal-fin origin, the second under dorsal fin and the third just before caudal fin (Ref. 27628).
Feeds on insects, but algae and debris are also taken (Ref. 12523). May be anadromous but with permanent populations in upper reaches of large rivers (Ref. 104796).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00374 - 0.02556), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.20 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .