Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Cynoponticus: Greek, kyon = dog + Ponticus, Ponto, Latin = the Black sea.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 5217). Tropical, preferred ?
Western Atlantic: central America and larger islands of the Caribbean to Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3793)
Preanal lateral line pores 42-43; vertical and pectoral fins with black margin (Ref. 13608).
Inhabits bays and estuaries. Found over muddy bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds mainly on benthic animals (Ref. 3793). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00085 (0.00049 - 0.00149), b=2.82 (2.67 - 2.97), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .