Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 600 m (Ref. 4329), usually 300 - 500 m (Ref. 7321). Deep-water, preferred ?; 37°N - 35°S
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA (Ref. 31632) and the northern Gulf of Mexico to northeastern South America (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea to Agulhas Bank.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7321)
soft rays: 9. Membranous edge at the upper border of the gill cover is absent or poorly developed. No opercular spines. Caudal peduncle is short, body is deep (Ref. 31632). Specimens less than 8 cm SL with a dark band on peduncle at caudal base and a thin black ring on central part of peduncle (disappears in specimens greater than 11 cm SL) (Ref. 4329).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Found on the continental slope (Ref. 7321).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O., 1986. Apogonidae. p. 546-561. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4329)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00211 - 0.01367), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .