Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical, preferred ?; 26°N - 28°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA) and the Mexican Gulf coast to Florianopolis, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3713); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 26340)
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Occasionally in hypersaline lagoons (Ref. 5217). Found over shallow soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Its flesh is well appreciated (Ref. 27188).
Fraser, T.H., 1978. Centropomidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1-2. pag.var. (Ref. 3713)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00585 - 0.01962), b=2.96 (2.80 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=900,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .