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Centropomus parallelus  Poey, 1860

Fat snook
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Centropomus parallelus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Centropomus parallelus (Fat snook)
Centropomus parallelus
Picture by Perusquía, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centropomidae (Snooks)
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Poey.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 26°N - 28°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA) and the Mexican Gulf coast to Florianopolis, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3713); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 26340)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Occasionally in hypersaline lagoons (Ref. 5217). Found over shallow soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Its flesh is well appreciated (Ref. 27188).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawn in brackish waters in estuaries.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fraser, T.H., 1978. Centropomidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1-2. pag.var. (Ref. 3713)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 28, mean 27.2 (based on 232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00523 - 0.01264), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.74 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=900,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.