You can sponsor this page

Totoaba macdonaldi  (Gilbert, 1890)

Totoaba
Masukkan pemerhatian anda di Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Totoaba macdonaldi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
muatnaik fotos/gambar dan video
Pictures | imej Google
Image of Totoaba macdonaldi (Totoaba)
Totoaba macdonaldi
Picture by Kira, G.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut; payau bentopelagis; kisaran kedalaman 10 - ? m.   Subtropical; 32°N - 17°N

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California. Formerly abundant, now threatened by extinction due to fishing and habitat change (Ref. 27438). International trade banned (CITES I, since 4.2.1977).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9118); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 100.0 kg (Ref. 32717); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 15 Tahun (Ref. 796)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters; juveniles in river mouths and near rocky coasts (Ref. 9118). Feed on fishes and shrimps (Ref. 9118).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Chao, L.N., 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genom, Nukleotida) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(pergi, Cari) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.8 - 26.7, mean 22.5 (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00423 - 0.01793), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (K=0.3; tm=7; tmax=15).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.