You can sponsor this page

Epinephelus guttatus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Red hind
Upload your 写真 and ビデオ
Pictures | Videos     Sounds | Stamps, Coins | グーグルの画像
Image of Epinephelus guttatus (Red hind)
Epinephelus guttatus
Picture by Bryan, D.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 気候 / 範囲 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 100 - ? m (Ref. 89707).   Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 36°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina, USA to Paraíba, Brazil (Ref. 57756). The most common species of Epinephelus in the West Indies.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 25.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5222); common length : 40.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5217); 最大公表体重: 25.0 kg (Ref. 5217); 最大記録サイズ: 22 年 (Ref. 31471)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 11; 背鰭 (合計): 15-16; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 8. Scales cycloid except for a ctenoid patch of variable size in the pectoral region. Greenish gray to light brown on the back grading to white ventrally, with numerous well-spaced dull orange-red to brown spots on the head, body and fins. Five faint diagonal bars formed by darker spots on the sides. No saddle-shaped blotch on caudal peduncle or along base of dorsal fin (Ref. 26938); further characterized by having body depth contained 2.7-3.1 times in standard length; head length 2.3-2.4 times in standard length; evenly serrate preopercle, without salient angle; posterior nostril larger than anterior nostril (Ref. 89707).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found in shallow reefs and rocky bottoms. Usually solitary and territorial. Feed mainly on crabs (Calapa and Mithrax) and other crustaceans (alpheid shrimps and scyllarid lobsters), fishes (labrids and haemulids), and octopus. Some undergo sexual inversion at 28 cm TL; most fish larger than 40 cm are males. Important in terms of numbers caught and total weight of landings in the Caribbean. Easily approached by divers (Ref. 9710). Hermaphrodite species. Excellent food fish (Ref. 26938). Readily caught on hook and line and easily speared (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Females rest on or close to the bottom, while males patrol around an area that consists of 1 to 5 females and defend this territory from other males. Form aggregation and reproduce almost exclusively within the aggregation period (Ref. 8557).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 協力者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31172)




Human uses

水産業: 高い商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(水産業: 代謝; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 私達の周りの海

用具

特記事項

XMLをダウンロードして下さい

インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00982 - 0.01282), b=3.04 (3.01 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.12-0.24; tm=3; tmax=17; Fec=96,000).
Prior r = 0.48, 2 SD range = 0.25 - 0.92, log(r) = -0.73, SD log(r) = 0.33, Based on: 1 M, 4 K, 1 tgen, 1 tmax, 6 Fec records
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   High.