Ecology of Epinephelus guttatus
 
Main Ref. Smith, C.L., 1978
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Epinephelus guttatus may be found.
Remarks Found in shallow reefs and rocky bottoms. Feeds mainly on crabs (Calapa and Mithrax) and other crustaceans (alpheid shrimps and scyllarid lobsters), fishes (labrids and haemulids), and octopus. Carnivore (Ref. 57616).

Substrate

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations solitary;
Associated with Cleaned by Pederson's cleaner shrimp (Periclimenes pedersoni) and goby (Gobiosoma evelynae and others) as observed on the coral reefs in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles (Ref. 36810). Usually solitary and territorial.
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Bardach, J.E., 1959
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Randall, J.E., 1967
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.84 0.27 3.87 0.63 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
From individual food items 4.15 0.67 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 10.19.90
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 10.24.07
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